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AG Ferguson Shuts Down Tradesmen International’s Illegal use of Non-Compete Agreements, Wins Restitution for Impacted Workers

TACOMA — Attorney General Bob Ferguson Thursday, July 14 announced that Tradesmen International LLC will end its existing non-compete agreements that restrict the job mobility of thousands of workers in Washington.

Thursday’s announcement is the result of Ferguson’s investigation into Tradesmen’s unfair and deceptive use of non-compete agreements that it never disclosed to its affected workers, and that violate Washington law.

Under the terms of a consent decree, filed in Pierce County Superior Court, Tradesmen must inform workers it has employed since Jan. 1, 2020 — the date Washington’s law banning non-compete agreements went into effect — that its non-compete agreements are no longer enforceable and it cannot require them in the future. Former workers who are still subject to non-compete agreements will also receive notification that the non-compete agreements are no longer valid.

Moreover, Tradesmen will pay $287,100, which the Attorney General’s Office will use for restitution. Approximately 1,200 current and former Washington state employees may be eligible for restitution. The Attorney General’s Office will determine restitution based on the number of claims it receives and each claimant’s work history with Tradesmen.

Anyone employed by Tradesmen in Washington since Jan. 1, 2020 can contact the Attorney General’s Office to determine their eligibility for restitution. Please email no later than Oct. 15 and a staff member from the Attorney General’s Office will respond.

“My office will keep protecting workers when companies break the law and limit workers’ opportunities for better employment,” Ferguson said.

Tradesmen is an Ohio-based company that provides staffing services throughout the U.S. It operates seven offices throughout Washington state: Bremerton, Burlington, Fife, Kennewick, Lynnwood, Spokane and Vancouver. Tradesmen recruits and sources workers and places them with employers needing staffing services. Since 2020, Tradesmen has placed approximately 1,200 workers with more than 300 businesses — mostly for construction-related work — around the state.

Tradesmen illegally entered into non-compete agreements with the employers. These illegal agreements prevented workers that Tradesmen provided to worksites from finding permanent positions with those employers. The law prohibits Tradesmen from having any contractual agreement that limits the job mobility of any worker who makes less than $107,301.04 per year.

The Legislature set this salary threshold to protect low- and middle-income workers from signing non-compete agreements in order to get a job. Under state law, employers who pay someone more than $107,301.04 can negotiate non-compete agreements with prospective employees.

Tradesmen signed the consent decree to avoid a lawsuit regarding its non-compete agreements.

A Tacoma-based employer filed a complaint about Tradesmen’s non-compete agreements in July 2021. The employer wanted to hire a worker who Tradesmen placed with his company, but Tradesmen responded by threatening legal action to enforce its non-compete agreement with the employer. The complaint led to the Attorney General’s Office investigation, which was resolved through today’s actions.

During the course of the investigation, an investigator from the Attorney General’s Office applied online for a job with Tradesmen to test out its hiring process. The company did not provide any information during the initial application process about any job mobility restrictions. During a first interview, the investigator specifically asked whether there were restrictions on taking a job with a host employer. The Tradesmen employee responded that there were no restrictions on taking future jobs with a host employer. During a second interview, a different interviewer would not answer specific questions about restrictions on taking future jobs with host employers. At no point during the investigation was the tester told about the non-compete agreements Tradesmen has with host employers.

Assistant Attorney General Alfredo González-Benítez, Investigators Alma Poletti and Marty Hill and Legal Assistant Anna Alfonso with the Wing Luke Civil Rights Division handled the case for Washington.

Ferguson created the Wing Luke Civil Rights Division in 2015 to protect the rights of all Washington residents by enforcing state and federal anti-discrimination laws. Ferguson named the division for Wing Luke, who served as an Assistant Attorney General for the State of Washington in the late 1950s and early 1960s. He went on to become the first person of color elected to the Seattle City Council and the first Asian-American elected to public office in the Pacific Northwest.