The Center Square
(The Center Square) – The U.S. Department of Agriculture expects U.S. food prices to increase by at least another 5% on average this year as the majority of Americans surveyed in a new poll cite the cost of living increases as a top concern.
Rising prices are due to inflation, the Federal Reserve increasing interest rates, and the consequences of Russia invading Ukraine, the USDA states in its most recent monthly Food Price Outlook, which forecasts retail food inflation.
The USDA said it raised its estimate after two months of price surges “across many of the food categories.”
“The impacts of the conflict in Ukraine and the recent increases in interest rates by the Federal Reserve are expected to put upward and downward pressures on food prices, respectively,” it adds.
All food prices are expected to increase between 4.5% and 5.5%, it states, with the cost of cooking oils and poultry increasing the most by roughly 7%. Only the cost of fresh vegetables was revised downward.
“Retail poultry prices have been high with historically low stocks of frozen chicken,” or cold storage, it adds, attributing some of this to an outbreak of avian influenza. Egg prices are predicted to increase between 2.5% and 3.5%.
The USDA attributes increased dairy prices to “rapid increases in the consumption of dairy products.” In February, retail dairy prices increased by 1.6% and are expected to increase between 4% and 5% overall this year compared to last year.
The cost of fats and oils will increase by 6% and 7%, respectively; fresh fruit costs will rise between 5% and 6%, and processed fruit and vegetable will rise between 4.5% and 5.5%.
The USDA’s forecast is in line with a recent analysis by Dallas Fed economists on the impact of sanctions on Russia.
“The effect of the Russian invasion is not limited to energy markets,” they write. “Russia and the Ukraine together account for 29 percent of global wheat exports. The disruption of exports from the Black Sea together with financial sanctions on Russia means that the supply of wheat and other grains is likely to be curtailed in 2022 and beyond. The diminished supply, along with a shortage of fertilizer produced from natural gas, will drive up global food prices and reinforce the growth-retarding and inflationary effects of higher fuel prices.”
Prior to Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, inflation hit a 40-year high, and food prices had already begun their steady rise. The conflict is expected to exacerbate the existing cost of living conditions as Americans express losing confidence in Biden’s ability to improve the economy or have any influence on the Russian-Ukrainian conflict.
A recent NBC News poll found that 62% of respondents said their family income is falling behind the cost of living increases, the most important issue identified by those polled.
A strong majority, 71%, said the nation is on the wrong track, as evidenced by Biden’s approval rating of 40%. A majority polled, 55%, say Biden isn’t doing a good job on a range of issues, with sky-high prices from food to gas among top concerns.
“Just some” (27%) and, “very little” (44%) said they had confidence in Biden’s ability to respond to Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. This included 43% of Democrats who said they have “just some” (36%) or “very little” (7%) confidence, according to the poll.
A combined 57% of respondents said they believe the U.S. is already at war with Russia (16%), or that it will be within the year (41%).